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    Consecutive crystallographic reorientations and superplasticity in body-centered cubic niobium nanowire

    Editor:yingwen Date:2018-07-06 Hits:198

    Qiannan Wang, Jiangwei Wang*, Jixue Li, Ze Zhang, Scott X. Mao* [SCIENCE ADVANCES]

    Plasticity of metallic nanowires is often controlled by the activities of single deformationmode. It remains largely unclear whether multiple deformation modes can be activated in an individual metallic nanowire and how much plasticity they can contribute. In situ nanomechanical testing reveals a superior plastic deformation ability of body-centered cubic (BCC) niobium nanowires, in which a remarkable elongation of more than 269% is achieved before fracture. This superplastic deformation originates from a synergy of consecutively nucleated multiple reorientation processes that occur for more than five times via three distinct mechanisms, that is, stress-activated phase transformation, deformation twinning, and slip-induced crystal rotation. These three coupled mechanisms work concurrently, resulting in sequential reorientations and therefore superplastic deformation of Nb nanowires. Our findings reveal a superiormechanical property of BCC Nb nanowires through the close coordination of multiple deformation modes, which may have some implications in other metallic nanowire systems.

    DOI:10.1126/sciadv.aas8850




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